I have worked many years with development aid and humanitarian aid in both post-conflict and conflict settings, mainly, but not only, focusing on gender equality and women’s empowerment. This experience made me start thinking about the relationship between gender equality, or rather gender inequality, and the acceptance of various forms of violence. It seemed to me the that the bigger the gender inequalities there was in a society the the more violence there were at different levels in society and the more individuals seemed to normalize this violence.
A couple of years ago I decided to quit my job and start thinking about these issues full-time by doing a PhD at the University of Antwerp. Since 2015 this has become a Joint PhD with the International Institute of Social Studies in The Hague. I’m now more than ever convinced of this correlation and that it has to do about our norms on gender and violence and that they are interrelated. More specifically, patriarchal norms on masculinity contains elements that are conducive to attitudes accepting of, approving of and even prescribing violence of different kinds. My current research is setting out to prove this.
I want to share what knowledge and insight I have with as many as possible, which is why I set up this website. I appreciate comments, questions and information I might have missed and you think should be on this site.
I’m also available for short term consultancy jobs.
During 2016 I was part of founding a Dutch committee of UN Women, please see unwomen.nl, with the double aim to help fund raise for UN Women and to advocate for gender equality and against gender based violence in the Netherlands.
Publications, papers and presentations
Gender norms and violence. Speaker at SHAPE – Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Powers in Europe, Mons, Belgique, 25 April 2016, at the conference Academics, Activists and Armed Forces: the nexus of greater security?
Patriarchal norms, heteronormativity, gender inequality and violence. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, Atlanta, 16 -19 March 2016.
Society 2.0: The Role of Men? Violence and Evolving Norms on Masculinity. Guest lecture at SHAPE – the Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Powers in Europe, Mons, Belgium, 18 November 2015.
Behind the men. Patriarchal norms and their relationship to violence. Paper presented at the ECPR Joint Sessions 30 March – 2 April 2015, Warsaw and at the European Feminist Research Conference 3-6 June 2015 in Rovaniemi.
Promoting change in men’s behavior: egalitarian men, child care and violence at the European Conference on Politics and Gender 11-13 June 2015 in Uppsala; at the Joint International Conference of the European Association of Social Psychology and the Society for Psychological Study of Social Issues “Times are a-Changing but Men’s Roles are Slow to Change: Developing a Research Agenda on the Underrepresentation of Men in Communal Roles” at the University of Leuven 5-7 November 2015; at the International Conference on Political Masculinities and Social Transition, at the University of Koblenz-Landau, 27-29 November 2015.
Speaker on a panel called “A Transformative Women Peace and Security Agenda: Using a Masculinities Perspective to Challenge Militarism” at the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom’s 100 years anniversary conference in The Hague 27-29 April 2015.
And the role of men? A theoretical perspective on how patriarchal norms are related to different types of violence. Paper presented at the 56th Annual Convention of the International Studies Association, New Orleans, 18-21 February 2015.
Speaker on a panel on gender and military at the “Women: Powerful Agents for Peace and Security” at the Amsterdam Conference 16-17 February 2015, an expert conference organised by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the 1325 Dutch National Action Plan Partnership.
Men, masculinities and 1325, discussion paper for the “Women: Powerful Agents for Peace and Security” at the Amsterdam Conference 16-17 February 2015, an expert conference organised by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the 1325 Dutch National Action Plan Partnership.
Promoting change in men’s behaviour: egalitarian men, child care and violence. Paper presented at the 3rd Equal is Not Enough conference, University of Antwerp, 4-6 February 2015
And the role of men? A literature perspective on how patriarchal norms are related to poor governance, conflict and violence. Paper delivered at “Why is Gender Equality Good for Governance?” International Workshop of the Collaborative Research Center, Freie Universiteit Berlin, 31/10 – 01/11 2014.
Invited guest speaker at Women Peacemakers Program (WPP) Global Consultation “Gender and Militarism: Analyzing the Links to Strategize for Peace”, Cape Town, 2-4 July, 2014.
Religion, religiosity and inequality. Paper presented at the Politologenetmaal Conference in Maastricht, June 2014.
Masculinities and Militarism, Academics and Activists, in “Gender and Militarism, Analyzing the Links to Strategize for Peace”, Women Peacemakers Program, May 24 Action Pack 2014. https://www.womenpeacemakersprogram.org/assets/CMS/May-24-gender-/May-Pack-2014-web.pdf
Participation in a panel on “Gender and peacebuilding” at the Annual Convention of the International Studies Association in Toronto, March 2014.
Etude sur la fminisation de la magistrature en Rpublique Dmocratique du Congo, Ou comment dfinir une politique de parit dans la magistrature. Report for Programme d’appui la rforme de la justice (PARJ). Kinshasa, January 2014.
Norms on Gender Equality and Violent Conflict, e-International relations, http://www.e-ir.info/2013/06/10/norms-on-gender-equality-and-violent-conflict/ 2013.
Femmes masculines et hommes fminins deux processus pour obtenir l’galit des genres avec des consquences diffrentes pour les niveaux de violence”. Paper presented at the Sophia Colloque, Brussels, October 2013.
Gender Equality, Attitudes to Gender Equality, and Conflict, in Marcia Texler Segal, Vasilikie Demos (ed.) Gendered Perspectives on Conflict and Violence (Advances in Gender Research, Volume 18a), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.273-295. 2013.
Gender equality, attitudes to gender equality, and conflict. Paper presented at the European Conference on Gender and Politics, Barcelona, March 2013.
Gender Equality and Peace, paper presented at the General Conference of the European Consortium of Political Research (ECPR) in Reykjavik, August 2011.South Africa as a Regional Peacemaker: the Limitations of Power and Good Intentions. Uppsala University Report, Uppsala University Press, 2001.