Category Archives: Correlation between gender equality and levels of violence
Hudson, V. M., B. Ballif-Spanvill, et al. (2012). Sex and World Peace. New York and Chichester, West Sussex, Columbia University Press.
Sex and World Peace unsettles a variety of assumptions in political and security discourse, demonstrating that the security of women is a vital factor in the security of the state and its incidence of conflict and war.
The authors compare micro-level gender violence and macro-level state peacefulness in global settings, supporting their findings with detailed analyses and color maps. Harnessing in immense amount of data, they call attention to discrepancies between national laws protecting women and the enforcement of these laws, and they note the adverse effects on state security of abnormal sex ratios favoring males, the practice of polygamy, and inequitable realities in family law, among other gendered aggressions.
The authors find that the treatment of women informs human interaction at all levels of society. Their research challenges conventional definitions of security and democracy and shows that the treatment of gender, played out on the world stage, informs the true clash of civilizations. in terms of resolving these injustices, the authors examine top-down and bottom-up approaches to healing wounds of violence against women, as well as ways to rectify inequalities in family law and the lack of parity in decision-making councils. Emphasizing the importance of and R2PW, or state responsibility to protect women, they mount a solid campaign against women’s systematic insecurity, which effectively unravels the security of all.
Enloe, C. (1989). Bananas, Beaches & Bases. Berkely, CA: , The University of California Press.
This radical analysis of globalization reveals the crucial role of women in international politics today. Cynthia Enloe pulls back the curtain on the familiar scenes—governments promoting tourism, companies moving their factories overseas, soldiers serving on foreign soil—and shows that the real landscape is not exclusively male. She describes how many women’s seemingly personal strategies—in their marriages, in their housework, in their coping with ideals of beauty—are, in reality, the stuff of global politics. In exposing policymakers’ reliance on false notions of “femininity” and “masculinity,” Enloe dismantles an apparently overwhelming world system, revealing it to be much more fragile and open to change than we think.
Elshtain, J. B. (1987). Women and War. New York, Basic Books.
Jean Elshtain examines how the myths of Man as “Just Warrior” and Woman as “Beautiful Soul” serve to recreate and secure women’s social position as noncombatants and men’s identity as warriors. Elshtain demonstrates how these myths are undermined by the reality of female bellicosity and sacrificial male love, as well as the moral imperatives of just wars.
Brumfielld, E. M. (1994). Origins of Social Inequity. In Research Frontiers in Anthropology. C. R. Ember, Melvin Ember, Peter N. Peregrine (eds.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall: 83-101.
Societies with high levels of family violence are more likely to rely on violent conflict resolution and are more likely to be involved in wars compared to societies with lower levels of family violence.