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Nayak, A. and M. J. Kehily (2008). Gender, Youth and Culture, Young Masculinities and Femininities. New York, Palgrave Macmillan.
How do boys become men and girls become women in the modern world? What does it mean to be a “proper” girl or boy? Bringing together work on both feminine and masculine identities in innovative ways, “Gender, Youth and Culture” explores how gender isproduced, consumed, regulated and performed by young people today.
Drawing on refreshingly acessible examples from contemporary culture, the authors demonstrate how features of youth culture such as a binge drinking, rave culthre, film and popular television can be used to explain complex theoretical ideas. With discussion of new research, burgeoning international literature and global case studies, this original text examines race, gender, sexuality and class in a range of environments.
Haywood, C. and M. Mac an Ghaill (2003). Men and Masculinities. Buckingham, Philadelphia, Open University Press.
Are all men the same? What do men want? What makes a “real man”? During the past decade, questions such as these have been raised across social and cultural arenas in local and global contexts. In response, this lively and engageing book adopts an international perspective and meets the current need for a comprehensive introduction to contemporary debates about men and masculinities.
Through a broad critical review of masculinities studies, the book provides an original synthesis of main theories, key concepts and empirical research. Designed to provide an up-to-date guide to the field, it comines the traditional sociological enquiry into the family, work and education with contemporary concerns about multiple identities, globalization and late modernity.
Newburn, T. and E. A. Stanko, Eds. (1995). Men, Masculinities and Crime: Just Boys Doing Business? London, New York, Routledge.
One of the most significant facts about crime is that it is almost always committed by men. Despite this, academic consideration of crime tends to overlook this most obvious feature. if gender is discussed at all, the focus is usually on women. “Just Boys Doing Business?” is the first collection to challenge mainstream criminology by taking the social construction of “masculinity” as its focus.
The book brings together a broad range of criminologists with established international reputations. it comes at a time when there is increasing concern about levels of crime – especially among young men. The contributors come from three continents and illustrate the international significance of a focus on masculinity when looking at crime.
Popay, J., J. Hearn, et al., Eds. (1998). Men, Gender Division and Welfare. London, New York, Routledge.
Men, Gender Divisions and Welfare focuses on the relationship between men and welfare. It highlights the importance of gendered power relations and explores the complexities and contradictions of these relationships. Also addressed is how these issues are becoming increasingly part of social policy debates. Key features that emerge are the persistence of men’s power and control in welfare and at the same time, men’s avoidance of welfare structures.
The first part of the book comprises theoretical and historical reviews of the relationship between men and welfare. The main body of the book draws on new empirical studies, encompassing both men and women’s perspectives. Subjects discussed include how men affect the welfare of women and children, accounts of men’s violence towards women they know, women and men as carers for spouses with disabilities, accounts of parenthood, and experiences of unemployed men and their employed wives. The final section focuses on relations between service provides, men and welfare.
Hearn, J. (1992). Men in the Public Eye: The Construction and Deconstruction of Public Men and Public Patriarchies. London, New York, Routledge.
Men’s domination of the public domain is obvious, yet it is often ignored in social and political analyses. How do public men, in public patriarchies, come to exert such enormous power? How and why do men dominate in the public worlds of work, politics, sexuality, and culture? Jeff Hearn explores these questions and investigates how public worlds contruct public men and public masculinities in different and changing ways.
These important issues are examined by focusing on the period 1870-1920, when there was massive growth and transformation in the power of the public domains. Jeff Hearn explores the relationships between men’s activity in and domination of the public domains, the domination of private domains by public domains, and the intensification of public patriachies. An underlying theme is that the present exists in the past, and the apst in the present, and Hearn demonstrates that these historical debates and dilemmas are still relevant today as men search for new, postmodern forms of masculinities.
Hearn, J., D. L. Sheppard, et al., Eds. (1989). The Sexuality of Organization. London, Newbury Park, New Delhi, SAGE Publications.
This exciting, critical text explores the pervasiveness of sexuality in organizations, and the interrelations of sexuality and power in the ongoing production and reproduction of prganizational life. Clearly and accessibly, the authors show various ways in which the very process of organization reflect power relations suffused with dominant forms of sexuality. Specific subjects addressed include sexuality and the labour process, sexual harassment, men’s sexuality, lesbians in organizations, and the experiences of women managers and secretaries. The book also discusses the “problem” that sexuality represents for “malestream” organization theory and the rational, public world of organizations it often presents.
Chandler, R. M., L. K. Fuller, et al., Eds. (2010). Women, War, and Violence: Personal Perspectives and Global Activism. New York, Palgrave Macmillan.
Women, War, and Violence: Personal Perspectives and Global Activism draws upon a wide global community of activists, scholars, NGOs, and clinicians to expand the definition of how war and its violent underpinnings affects everyday women and families around the world. Benefiting from first-hand research and definitive assessments of gender-based violence interventions, it invites diverse perspectives of interdisciplinary documentation and storytelling beyond traditional academic writing. Reflecting on anti-militarist activism, structural violence, post-war atrocities, government commissions and policy solutions, WWV sheds new light on war-related gender oppression at the intersections of race, national identity, religion, and social class and the need to promote a new paradigm of the equality of men and women.
Wood, J. T. (2013). Gendered Lives: Communication, Gender, and Culture. Boston, Wadsworth.
Written by leading gender communication scholar Julia T. Wood, GENDERED LIVES, 10th Edition introduces you to theories, research, and pragmatic information, demonstrating the multiple and often interactive ways that our views of masculinity and femininity are shaped within contemporary culture. With the most up-to-date research, balanced perspectives of masculinity and femininity, a personal introduction to the field, and a conversational first-person writing style, this engaging text encourages you to think critically about gender and our society.
A major survey of gender inequality in contemporary society has found lingering echoes of old-fashioned, “male breadwinner” values, but also evidence that men are happier when they do their fair share of household chores.
The findings are among dozens of results that have emerged from a five-year research project investigating equality between the sexes, and which are now being published in a book, Gendered Lives.
It charts the causes, consequences and prospects for what the Danish sociologist, Gsta Esping-Andersen, called an “incomplete revolution” in gender equality in Europe, and asks how greater equality between men and women can be achieved.
Optimistically, parts of the study found that even outside countries such as the Nordic states, where governments have actively promoted measures designed to promote greater equality, the gap between men in women in fields like the division of domestic labour is closing.
At the same time, however, the initiative also identified causes for deep concern. Many companies in the UK, for example, still see little incentive for altering the employment conditions of their staff to ensure that the work-life balance of men and women is equitable. Several of the researchers involved in the project also conclude that the only way to close certain aspects of the gulf between the sexes, such as the gender-pay gap, is through legal compulsion.
The study, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, was deliberately wide-ranging and complex. It covers attitudes and approaches towards gender equality over time, in different countries and at different levels – ranging from government policy to individual families. The researchers argue that this approach is important because we can only improve gender equality if we understand that it is the consequence of a network of multiple causes and effects.
Jacqueline Scott, Professor of Sociology at the University of Cambridge and co-editor of the book, said: “There has been a lot of social theory about how people ‘do’ gender, in other words, how they behave in accordance with society’s expectations about what it means to be a man or a woman.”
“What we sometimes forget is that institutions are doing gender as well. Politicians, employers, schools and kindergartens, care homes and many other organisations all make decisions which impact directly on what is expected of families and these can challenge or reinforce traditional ideas about what men and women can or cannot do. If these decisions are not joined up, it can limit real gender equality overall.”
The idea of an incomplete revolution refers to a mixed picture in terms of gender equality across Europe. Since the 1960s, society has witnessed the demise of the traditional “male breadwinner” family, in which men went out to work and women stayed at home. More women have gone into higher education, managerial jobs, or professional occupations. Many now earn a salary comparable with their male counterparts.
At the same time, however, it is widely acknowledge that the gap has not closed completely. Many women still struggle to strike a work-life balance, especially when it comes to having children. Some decide not to have children for the sake of their careers, while others “rein in” their careers to start a family. Often they do this by reducing their working hours; in the UK, for example, 40% of women work part time, compared with just 10% of men. And the gender gap has only narrowed in certain areas – women still shoulder far more unpaid housework, for example.
Whitehead, S. (2002). Men and Masculinities. Cambridge and Malden, Polity Press.
Men and Masculinities is one of the most comprehensive texts ever published on the sociology of masculinity. Wide-ranging and accessible, it considers all the key themes, concepts and writings informing this increasingly important area of study.
Starting with discussion of the nature/nurture debate, Freudian and Jungian perspectives, and first-wave writings on men and masculinity, Men and Masculinities explores the work of key feminist and profeminist theorists such as Bob Connell, Jeff Hearn, Michael Kimmel, Michael Messner, Peter Nardi and Lynne Segal. In charting trends and new directions in the critical study of men, the book highlights the growing influence of postmodern and poststructuralist perspectives, particularly those of Judith Butler, Gilles Deleuze, Michel Foucault and Jacques Lacan. Further unique featuresinclude a detailed critique of hegemonic masculinity; an elaboration of masculinity as discourse; and an introduction to the concept of the masculine subject.
In the course of its development over recent decades, the sociology of masculinity has expanded to cover most aspects of social and cultural enquiry. In response to this, Men and Masculinities broaches a diverse range of issues, including masculinity and materiality, masculinity in crisis, sexuality, male power, identity, the politics of masculinity, and the male role in management, relationships and families. It details key writings on masculinity while also signalling emerging areas of research into men at the beginning of the new millennium, such as age, leisure and gay male friendships. It will be an invaluable resource across a number of disciplines, including sociology, gender studies, cultural studies, psychology and anthropology.
Welchman, L. and S. Hossain, Eds. (2005). “Honour”: Crimes, paradigms, and violence against women. New York, Zed Books.
This volume brings together the practical insights and experiences of individuals and organizations addressing so-called “honour crimes”, including “honour killings”, and interference with the right to marry, as well as analyzing relevant crosscutting thematic issues. In addition, this book identifies relevant intersecting thematic issues from practice-orientated academic perspective. It seeks to highlight a human rights based framework in seeking to address “crimes of honour” rather than taking a culturally relativist approach.